Background Check Law Basics for Guns

The Second Amendment may protect the right to bear arms, but that doesn’t mean you can simply visit a gun store and purchase a gun. Indeed, each state and county will have its own laws regarding gun ownership and the background checks that are needed before you can take one home. One of the basic requirements of gun ownership is clearing a background check. Out of all the gun laws, this one makes the most sense. While each state has its own form of background checks, there are some basic laws that you need to understand. Here are some background check law basics for guns.

  • You must be cleared in state and federal checks. Before you can legally purchase a gun from a licensed retailer, you must pass a state and federal database check. In most cases, your record will be data checked using the FBI registry, which will have detailed reportage if anyone committed a crime. State databases are also checked.
  • You can’t have a record of convicting a violent crime. It goes without saying that if you were convicted of a gun-related crime, you will not be allowed to own a gun. However, this may apply to some lesser offenses, like assault and battery. Even if you have a record of petty theft or larceny, you can still be denied gun ownership. Some states are more lenient, but after a string of incidents, more and more local legislators are clamping down to make sure mass shootings become a thing of the past.
  • You can’t have a record of psychological illness. In some states, you cannot own a gun if you have a record of psychological illness. In most cases, if you have any kind of involuntary code or if you have been convicted of a crime under emotional duress and have spent time in a state or federal psychiatric facility, you will not be accepted for a permit to own a gun. Again, each state has its own legislation for the severity of psychological illness, but if your record shows damage or harm to other people, you will certainly not be allowed to own a gun.
  • You don’t need a background check for private ownership in some states. There are also some loopholes in the gun ownership law book. Most of these background check requirements apply to commercial sales. In some states, however, someone can purchase a gun privately without needing to go through a background check. Moreover, some states make it possible to purchase a gun at a convention without a background check.
  • You don’t need a background check to purchase bullets and ammo. In most states, you don’t need a background check to purchase ammunition or bullets. For instance, you can visit Diamond K Brass – a large online munitions retailer – to purchase bullets for different calibers. You can also visit a gun shop to purchase bullets, but most states make it very hard to locate one of these stores, so shopping online is often much easier.